Regional rail journeys - London - Table 15.4
Number of passenger journeys by rail to, from and within the London region.¹
Great Britain
Annual data (financial year): 1995-96 to 2016-17
Table 1 - London passenger journeys
Total number of passenger journeys (thousands)
 
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07 (b)
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16 (b)
2016-17
Percentage change on previous year
To/from other Region
178,194
194,506
210,757
222,765
238,524
244,159
246,343
252,086
258,147
265,217
270,998
298,739
320,197
320,722
315,293
334,546
348,475
358,144
370,207
385,830
397,218
404,394
1.8
Within Region
200,694
211,300
222,936
235,086
245,428
247,527
246,725
253,261
243,866
237,558
231,427
342,753
332,902
318,625
316,935
371,713
403,751
429,327
464,321
492,212
537,369
526,065
-2.1
Total Journeys
378,888
405,806
433,694
457,851
483,953
491,685
493,068
505,346
502,014
502,775
502,425
641,493
653,100
639,348
632,228
706,259
752,226
787,471
834,528
878,042
934,588
930,459
-0.4
Table 2 - London passenger journeys
Number of passenger journeys (thousands) between London and other regions
Between London and
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07 (b)
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16 (b)
2016-17
Percentage change on previous year
East of England
61,807
69,547
74,983
79,294
85,803
87,631
88,844
91,651
94,519
96,294
97,296
106,255
112,095
110,461
105,203
112,095
115,940
120,542
125,610
131,770
137,808
141,907
3.0
East Midlands
3,831
4,130
4,642
5,036
5,519
5,571
5,915
6,204
6,535
6,629
6,681
7,352
7,768
7,914
7,647
8,143
8,429
8,564
8,680
9,026
9,286
9,493
2.2
North East
1,179
1,289
1,442
1,556
1,649
1,396
1,575
1,558
1,659
1,730
1,738
1,777
1,894
1,927
1,936
1,995
2,136
2,208
2,332
2,456
2,518
2,490
-1.1
North West
4,326
4,545
5,257
5,454
5,537
4,934
5,345
4,835
4,900
4,618
5,467
6,029
6,452
6,576
8,014
8,416
8,841
9,037
9,450
10,063
10,672
11,218
5.1
Scotland
1,232
1,190
1,180
1,468
1,514
1,301
1,348
1,147
1,156
1,069
1,105
1,241
1,362
1,473
1,658
1,963
2,061
2,047
2,107
2,263
2,088
2,244
7.5
South East
91,914
99,163
106,974
112,401
120,066
124,979
124,422
127,084
129,043
134,112
137,104
152,750
165,524
166,393
164,232
174,043
181,658
185,678
191,006
197,873
201,255
202,155
0.4
South West
5,910
6,090
6,703
7,222
7,520
7,671
7,616
8,071
8,295
8,523
8,751
9,313
9,978
10,403
10,320
10,716
11,294
11,253
11,305
11,510
11,781
12,259
4.1
Wales - Cymru
1,404
1,454
1,555
1,611
1,625
1,618
1,679
1,744
1,811
1,801
1,840
1,919
2,017
2,040
2,051
2,162
2,232
2,266
2,225
2,239
2,244
2,110
-6.0
West Midlands
3,886
4,167
4,687
5,091
5,385
5,369
5,573
5,572
5,664
5,794
6,245
7,042
7,727
7,954
8,725
9,254
9,904
10,493
11,028
11,777
12,533
13,322
6.3
Yorkshire and the Humber
2,705
2,932
3,334
3,632
3,906
3,688
4,026
4,219
4,565
4,648
4,772
5,060
5,381
5,583
5,508
5,759
5,980
6,057
6,464
6,854
7,033
7,197
2.3
London Total
178,194
194,506
210,757
222,765
238,524
244,159
246,343
252,086
258,147
265,217
270,998
298,739
320,197
320,722
315,293
334,546
348,475
358,144
370,207
385,830
397,218
404,394
1.8
Table 3 - London passenger journeys to/from other Region² ³
Passenger journeys (thousands) between 2015 NUTS2 boundaries of London and other regions
To/From another region by NUTS2 boundariesā“
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07 (b)
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16 (b)
2016-17
Percentage change on previous year
Central London
22,885
25,581
28,275
30,196
30,719
31,497
33,710
32,233
30,506
28,520
29,864
251,066
268,781
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
East London
4,143
4,252
4,543
4,653
4,942
4,742
5,231
5,677
6,200
6,559
7,251
11,962
12,916
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
North London
940
1,022
1,084
1,189
1,294
1,528
1,713
1,991
2,362
2,637
2,791
5,101
5,599
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
South London
8,445
9,121
9,825
10,785
11,554
11,500
11,641
12,124
12,543
12,820
13,577
20,007
21,487
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
West London
2,710
2,853
3,054
3,196
3,571
3,562
3,408
3,425
3,615
3,826
4,062
4,816
5,307
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
London Other
139,071
151,677
163,977
172,746
186,444
191,331
190,639
196,636
202,921
210,855
213,452
5,787
6,107
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
Inner London - East
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
77,015
77,569
81,666
84,999
87,659
90,461
94,651
96,627
98,768
2.2
Inner London - West
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
213,435
208,060
220,539
229,798
235,265
244,715
254,126
261,842
266,951
2.0
Outer London - East and North East
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
7,501
7,322
7,605
7,832
8,355
8,024
8,500
8,738
8,946
2.4
Outer London - South
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
14,712
14,003
14,391
14,956
15,505
15,498
15,817
16,292
15,893
-2.5
Outer London - West and North West
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
8,060
8,339
10,344
10,890
11,359
11,510
12,737
13,720
13,836
0.8
Total
178,194
194,506
210,757
222,765
238,524
244,159
246,343
252,086
258,147
265,217
270,998
298,739
320,197
320,722
315,293
334,546
348,475
358,144
370,207
385,830
397,218
404,394
1.8

Table 4 - London passenger journeys within Region² ³
Origin and destination points (thousands) of journeys within London by 2015 NUTS2 boundaries
Within the region by NUTS2 boundariesā“
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07 (b)
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16 (b)
2016-17
Percentage change on previous year
Central London
35,713
39,452
46,875
51,469
56,572
50,030
50,936
53,012
49,813
46,471
47,249
278,175
276,802
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
East London
61,916
65,468
69,130
72,461
74,457
75,153
76,609
79,257
76,194
74,184
72,049
126,137
120,625
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
North London
16,016
16,721
17,502
18,555
19,281
19,158
20,081
21,028
20,278
19,010
17,155
34,477
32,095
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
South London
82,245
88,120
94,080
101,781
107,400
108,904
107,614
110,600
108,251
105,640
104,623
186,817
180,098
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
West London
16,563
16,850
17,769
18,605
19,375
19,886
19,353
20,034
20,335
20,624
20,136
38,220
30,682
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
London Other
188,935
195,989
200,518
207,302
213,771
221,922
218,858
222,591
212,862
209,187
201,641
21,680
25,502
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
Inner London - East
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
201,625
203,557
251,995
283,025
308,989
333,591
356,845
442,631
443,477
0.2
Inner London - West
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
181,058
179,055
207,485
224,262
235,000
258,596
270,444
263,880
251,412
-4.7
Outer London - East and North East
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
81,810
79,683
88,980
93,543
98,031
105,421
113,837
123,110
119,861
-2.6
Outer London - South
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
119,439
116,358
125,346
129,839
134,024
140,796
146,954
148,881
143,711
-3.5
Outer London - West and North West
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
53,319
55,217
69,621
76,832
82,611
90,238
96,344
96,237
93,669
-2.7
Total
401,388
422,600
445,873
470,172
490,857
495,053
493,451
506,521
487,733
475,115
462,854
685,507
665,804
637,250
633,871
743,427
807,501
858,655
928,641
984,424
1,074,739
1,052,130
-2.1
Source:
Origin Destination Matrix (ODM), which is mainly derived from the rail industry's ticketing and revenue database, LENNON, supplemented with other industry data for some regions.
Symbols:
(:) Data not available
(r)  Data revised
(p) Data are provisional
(b) Break in time series
Notes:
Data can be subject to methodological changes indicated by (b).

In 2006-07, the methodology was improved by adding additional estimates for rail travel using TfL sold travelcards.

In 2015-16, the methodology used to allocate journeys made wholly within the London Travelcard Area has been changed. In general, this has re-allocated some journeys that would previously been allocated to London Terminal stations to stations outside of Zone1.
1. Regional rail journey numbers are calculated based on the origin and destination named on the ticket. This differs from figures published as part of the Passenger Rail Usage statistical release (http://orr.gov.uk/statistics/published-stats/statistical-releases), which is calculated based on the number of legs taken to complete a journey.
2. The sub-regions used in all the 11 regional tables have been updated to the 2015 NUTS2 boundary definitions as was previously done in the 2015-16 estimates of station usage dataset. For further information on the local authority boundaries as they existed prior to the 2009 reorganisation, please refer to the ONS Website.
3. Journeys by historic sub-regions tables can be found: http://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/browsereports/15
4. Details on which London boroughs are mapped to each sub-region are included in the quality report.
More details on methodology can be found in the quality report relating to this dataset: http://orr.gov.uk/statistics/published-stats/statistical-releases
 
This dataset is used in the Regional Rail Usage statistical release. To view or download the statistical release: http://orr.gov.uk/statistics/published-stats/statistical-releases
Revisions
For the latest information on data revisions, please see the revisions log: http://orr.gov.uk/statistics/code-of-practice/revisions-log
Other datasets:
- ORR publishes data on passenger rail usage by sector, ticket type and by Train Operating Company though these are calculated on a different basis to regional rail usage. If a passenger has to change trains, this would be classed as two journeys in passenger rail usage but only one journey in regional rail usage. The Passenger Rail Usage statistical release is available here: http://orr.gov.uk/statistics/published-stats/statistical-releases and associated data tables are available
- Department for Transport publishes regional transport statistics within their National Travel Survey, which is available here: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/national-travel-survey-statistics. DfT also publishes rail usage data on light rail and tramways within Transport Statistics Great Britain, available here: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/transport-statistics-great-britain
- Transport Scotland publish data on rail usage in their annual Scottish Transport Statistics. The latest publication is available here: https://www.transport.gov.scot/publications/
- The Welsh Government publish regional rail usage data within their compendium of rail transport statistics. The latest publication is available here: http://gov.wales/statistics-and-research/?topic=Transport&lang=en