Index showing average change in price of rail fares 2004 - 2013
Great Britain annual data 2004 to 2013 - Rail fares index (January 2004=100)
The rail fares price index provides a measure of the change in the prices charged by train operating companies (TOCs) to rail passengers. The index shows the average change in prices since January 2004 and is calculated from transaction data held in LENNON, the rail industry’s ticketing and revenue database.

The average change in fares is weighted by earnings and is presented alongside the January 2013 all items retail prices index to illustrate how the average change in rail fares compares with the average change in the cost of goods and services.
 
Ticket category
January
2004
January
2005
January
2006
January
2007
January
2008
January
2009
January
2010
January
2011
January
2012
January
2013
Average
change in
price (%) 2013 on 2012
Expenditure
weights (%)
total (6)
Real terms
change in
average price
2013 on 2012
Real terms
change in
average price
2013 on 2004
           
January 2013
    
London and South East (2)
Advance
100.0
104.8
113.7
128.0
135.5
106.5
107.9
116.0
119.6
129.2
8.0
0.9
4.6
-3.8
Anytime
100.0
104.2
109.8
115.4
121.9
131.2
131.7
139.8
148.8
155.6
4.6
12.8
1.3
15.9
Off Peak
100.0
105.7
110.8
116.7
124.0
133.1
134.8
143.5
152.3
158.9
4.3
9.4
1.0
18.4
Season
100.0
104.7
108.9
114.0
120.5
128.0
128.0
137.4
145.6
151.6
4.2
17.9
0.8
12.9
Super Off Peak
100.0
101.3
103.1
106.4
115.8
126.2
126.7
133.0
140.7
147.3
4.6
1.4
1.3
9.7
Other
100.0
100.4
100.8
105.6
111.0
112.7
113.9
120.0
125.8
133.4
6.0
0.0
2.7
-0.6
All tickets
100.0
104.8
109.6
115.1
121.8
130.1
130.6
139.3
147.8
154.4
4.4
42.4
1.1
15.0
Revenue per journey
100.0
104.1
113.9
113.4
117.6
124.3
122.3
124.3
125.6
130.9
4.2
 
0.9
-2.5
Long distance (3)
Advance
100.0
104.6
110.8
122.6
131.8
143.8
141.5
147.9
156.3
163.0
4.2
12.9
0.9
21.4
Anytime
100.0
105.1
115.8
125.1
135.0
148.0
152.2
160.4
170.4
176.4
3.5
11.5
0.2
31.5
Off Peak
100.0
104.2
110.9
115.0
120.2
128.6
129.9
138.0
146.8
153.1
4.3
11.8
0.9
14.0
Season
100.0
104.2
109.0
116.1
123.1
135.2
134.8
142.9
151.4
158.3
4.6
3.1
1.2
17.9
Super Off Peak
100.0
105.7
110.9
115.2
124.7
132.2
133.1
139.1
147.3
153.8
4.4
3.6
1.1
14.6
Other
100.0
104.6
113.8
125.8
139.5
137.6
139.3
151.0
161.1
164.1
1.9
0.2
-1.3
22.3
All tickets
100.0
104.7
113.2
120.7
128.6
139.4
140.7
148.3
157.3
163.7
4.1
43.1
0.8
22.0
Revenue per journey
100.0
103.8
107.6
112.0
116.2
117.4
117.0
119.2
120.5
123.9
2.8
 
-0.4
-7.7
Regional (4)
Advance
100.0
103.6
109.4
112.9
125.1
134.8
138.2
144.0
151.9
157.8
3.9
1.2
0.6
17.6
Anytime
100.0
104.5
110.0
115.8
122.8
132.2
133.0
141.1
150.4
157.1
4.4
5.9
1.1
17.0
Off Peak
100.0
104.3
109.3
114.3
120.1
128.5
130.1
137.8
146.5
152.9
4.4
4.9
1.1
13.9
Season
100.0
104.1
108.4
113.1
118.4
126.3
126.2
133.5
141.9
148.2
4.5
2.1
1.1
10.4
Super Off Peak
100.0
99.9
102.2
111.7
111.8
125.2
134.5
140.2
151.6
162.5
7.2
0.3
3.7
21.0
Other
100.0
101.9
106.1
107.2
113.3
122.7
123.0
134.3
143.5
149.4
4.1
0.2
0.8
11.3
All tickets
100.0
104.2
109.3
114.6
120.9
129.7
130.8
138.5
147.4
153.9
4.4
14.5
1.1
14.7
Revenue per journey
100.0
105.7
105.6
114.3
119.6
123.9
126.2
132.5
134.4
145.1
7.9
 
4.5
8.1
All operators
Advance
100.0
104.5
110.8
122.4
131.5
142.1
140.3
146.8
155.0
161.9
4.4
15.0
1.1
20.6
Anytime
100.0
104.6
112.5
119.6
127.8
138.9
140.9
149.1
158.6
165.2
4.2
30.1
0.8
23.1
Off Peak
100.0
104.8
110.6
115.5
121.6
130.2
131.7
139.9
148.7
155.1
4.3
26.2
1.0
15.6
Season
100.0
104.6
108.9
114.2
120.7
128.2
128.1
137.1
145.3
151.5
4.2
23.0
0.9
12.8
Super Off Peak
100.0
104.8
108.7
113.5
122.6
132.8
133.9
140.0
148.4
155.3
4.6
5.3
1.3
15.7
Other
100.0
104.0
112.0
121.8
134.4
146.7
148.2
160.5
171.0
176.4
3.2
0.4
-0.1
31.4
All tickets
100.0
104.7
110.8
117.0
124.1
133.5
134.4
142.5
151.3
157.7
4.3
100.0
1.0
17.5
Revenue per journey
100.0
104.4
112.4
116.3
120.4
124.4
123.7
125.7
126.3
131.2
3.9
 
0.6
-2.2
RPI (5)
All items index
100.0
103.2
105.7
110.1
114.6
114.7
119.0
125.1
129.9
134.2
3.3
   
Source:
LENNON database and Office for National Statistics
 
Publication schedule:
Published: 25 July 2013
Next publication date: TBC
 
This is an official statistic. For more details please contact the statistics Head of Profession Jay Lindop at jay.lindop@orr.gsi.gov.uk or on 020 7282 3978.
 
 

For a list of all official statistics publication dates, please visit:
http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/server/show/nav.1862
Key results:
1) The average increase in fares between January 2012 and January 2013 was 4.3%. This was 1.1 percentage points higher than the average change in the cost of goods and services included in the retail prices index.

2) The average fare increase in the London and South East sector between January 2012 and January 2013 was 4.4%. This is 1.7 percentage points lower than the increase between January 2011 and 2012. The average increase in fares for the Regional and long distance sectors also decreased compared to between January 2011 and January 2012 with the average increase between January 2012 and January 2013 4.4% for the Regional sector and 4.1% for the long distance sector.

3) Excluding other tickets, the average increase in each fare category was between 4.2% and 4.6% with the average increase in fare lower than last yeare for all ticket types.

4) The average price of a season ticket increased by 4.3% in January 2013 compared to January 2012. Anytime tickets accounted for 30% of all ticket expenditure in 2012 and, on average, increased by 4.2%.
 
5) During 2012 revenue per passenger journey for all operators increased by 3.9%, 0.4 percentage points less than the rail fares index. Revenue per passenger journey in the London and South East and long dstance sectors increased by a lower percentage than the rail fares index for these sectors whilst in the Regional sector revenue per passenger journey increased by a greater proportion than the rail fares index during 2012.
 
 
Notes:
1. ORR rail fares index includes franchised and open access operators with the exception of Heathrow Express and Heathrow Connect as they are not included in LENNON.
2. London and South East train operators: c2c, Chiltern, First Capital Connect, London Overground, National Express East Anglia (Greater Anglia), Southeastern, Southern and South West Trains.
3. Long distance train operators: Cross Country, East Coast, First Great Western, First Hull Trains, Grand Central and Virgin Trains.
4. Regional operators: Arriva Trains Wales, First Scotrail, First Transpennine Express, London Midland, Merseyrail, Northern.
5. The 'all items' Retail Prices Index (RPI) measures the changes in the cost of a representative 'basket' of goods and services bought by consumers within the UK. More information on the retail prices index is available on the Office for National Statistics website http://www.statistics.gov.uk/hub/economy/prices-output-and-productivity/price-indices-and-inflation/index.html.
6. The expenditure weights (%) are the proportions of market share in terms of revenue for the calendar year 2012. They are then used to calculate the weighted average price change.
 
 
Methodology:
The rail fares index is calculated from transaction data held in the LENNON data, the rail industry’s ticketing and revenue database.

The index has been constructed so that, as far as possible, it covers the cost of travel only. This is done by excluding fares that include ‘extras’ so as not to distort the index. Where the purchase of a ‘rail’ ticket includes additional services such as multi modal tickets for urban areas, bus tickets, entrance fees to attractions etc. they have been excluded. An exception to this is the London Travelcard. We have included this in the index because such tickets are so important in the earnings of train operators and purchases by rail passengers. In addition, TOCs influence price changes associated with these tickets.
Also excluded from the index are:

- short-term temporary fares/promotions;
- passengers ‘switching’ ticket types following the introduction/deletion of certain tickets are not taken into account immediately; and
- flows for which we were unable to find price information for either of the two reference years, for example a ticket type that is introduced after the first reference date.
 
The 2013 report includes, for the first time, revenue per passenger journey by sector. These data are calculated from the passenger revenue and passenger journeys tables, available in the rail usage section of the NRT data portal. The rail fares index measures price change from one January to the next, so in order to make the data comparable, the index for revenue per journey has been calculated using the Q4 data, which covers January to March.

It is also important to understand the differences between the rail fares index and revenue per passenger journey when making comparisons between the two measures. Given the exclusions above, in general we would expect revenue per passenger journey to grow at a slower rate than a matched price index although this is not always the case. For example, there are instances when revenue from particular products are recorded in the most recent quarter, but not recorded in the equivalent quarter last year, or vice versa. Therefore any comparisons between the two should be treated with caution.
 
 
Quality:
As part of our commitment to continuous quality improvement, we will be producing a full quality report for all NRT statistics, in line with the GSS standards for quality reporting. The quality measures below provide a summary of the key dimensions of statistical quality.
Relevance:
Users of rail fares statistics are consulted for their feedback by a number of methods, including the NRT portal survey and regular meetings of the Rail Statistics Management Group.
If you have any feedback on this data or any of our statistics, please contact rstats@orr.gsi.gov.uk

Users of rail fares statistics are currently being consulted about their use of this dataset. We would like to know what you use this data for, we would greatly appreciate if you could complete this quick on-line survey (it should take a maximum of two minutes)
http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/useofNRT.
 
Accuracy:
Fares data has not undergone recent revision. No imputed or manually edited data is required in the production of these statistics.
 
 
Timeliness/Punctuality:
The latest data in this release refers to the average change in fares between January 2012 and January 2013.

Accessibility & clarity:
Fares data in this table are provided by sector and ticket category. These data are not disaggregated by train operating company because it is commercially sensitive. Fares data disaggregated by sector and regulated/unregulated fares are also available from ORR on request.

The NRT data portal provides on screen data reports, as well as the facility to download data in Excel format. Explanations, notes and caveats are provided with every NRT statistical release.
Comparability & coherence:
See the notes section which highlights changes in scope over time. These figures differ from those published elsewhere by ATOC. Average price changes published by ATOC are provided directly from the train operating companies. More details on ATOC data can be found here:
http://www.atoc.org/media-centre/latest-press-releases/2013/01/02/we-understand-commuters-dont-like-to-pay-more-to-travel-to-work-but-it-is-the-government-that-decides-how-much-season-tickets-should-rise-on-average-each-year-100789/
Other links:
Revenue per passenger journey data can be found at:
Revenue per passenger kilometre and revenue per passenger journey - table http://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/displayreport/report/html/fcd3f215-4a1a-425a-9daf-9017a56a0c99