Government subsidy per passenger kilometre by train operating company - Table 1.7
Subsidy or premium payment made from/to Department for Transport
Great Britain
Annual data (financial year): 2008-09 to 2015-16
  
Active TOCs¹
Contracted Grant Payments
Inactive TOCs¹
Olympic Delivery Authority compensation
  
Arriva Trains Wales (r)
c2c
Caledonian Sleeper
Chiltern Railways
CrossCountry
East Coast
East Midlands Trains
First Capital Connect ⁴
Gatwick Express²
Govia Thameslink Railway ⁵
Great Western Railway
Greater Anglia
London Midland
National Express East Anglia
National Express East Coast
Northern
ScotRail
South West Trains
Southeastern
Southern ³
TfL Rail
TransPennine Express
Virgin Trains East Coast
Virgin Trains West Coast
Sub-Total
London Overground (r)
Merseyrail
Sub-Total
Central
East Coast
First Capital Connect ⁴
First North Western
Great North Eastern Railway
Midland Mainline Ltd
National Express East Anglia
National Express East Coast
Silverlink
Southern ³
Virgin Cross Country
Sub-Total
Olympic Delivery Authority
Sub-Total
2008-09
Net franchise payment (£m)
:
:
-
:
:
-
:
:
:
-
:
-
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
:
-
:
:
:
:
:
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
-
-
Revenue support/ share (£m)
:
:
-
:
:
-
:
:
:
-
:
-
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
:
-
:
:
:
:
:
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
-
-
PTE grants (£m)
:
:
-
:
:
-
:
:
:
-
:
-
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
:
-
:
:
:
:
:
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
-
-
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
114.6
0.9
-
11.1
119.0
-
46.3
-111.7
-4.2
-
-71.2
-
115.7
-98.0
-184.9
282.9
222.4
-41.7
35.6
12.4
-
82.9
-
-71.6
460.5
35.4
75.5
111.0
-
-
-
-8.6
-9.6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-18.2
-
-
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,013.6
918.7
-
967.9
1,840.9
-
1,972.1
3,261.2
38.8
-
5,228.9
-
1,574.7
3,968.8
4,695.1
1,970.3
2,600.8
5,345.7
3,896.3
3,793.0
-
1,278.1
-
4,451.9
48,816.7
427.4
377.9
805.2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
11.3
0.1
-
1.1
6.5
-
2.3
-3.4
-10.8
-
-1.4
-
7.3
-2.5
-3.9
14.4
8.6
-0.8
0.9
0.3
-
6.5
-
-1.6
0.9
8.3
20.0
13.8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2009-10
Net franchise payment (£m)
121.5
-3.3
-
8.8
65.5
-46.1
10.0
-132.9
-
-
-134.8
-
104.4
-131.9
-144.5
106.4
271.0
-137.7
122.8
48.0
-
78.4
-
-25.0
180.5
:
:
:
:
-
-
:
:
-
-
-
:
:
:
:
-
-
Revenue support/ share (£m)
7.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
43.8
-
-
131.9
-
-2.0
34.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
-
75.0
290.2
:
:
:
:
-
-
:
:
-
-
-
:
:
:
:
-
-
PTE grants (£m)
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
0.0
-
0.4
0.0
0.0
203.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
-
0.0
204.0
:
:
:
:
-
-
:
:
-
-
-
:
:
:
:
-
-
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
128.6
-3.3
-
8.8
65.5
-46.1
10.0
-89.1
-
-
-2.9
-
102.8
-97.4
-144.5
310.0
271.0
-137.7
122.8
48.0
-
78.4
-
50.0
674.8
32.8
68.3
101.1
-2.2
-
-
0.1
-6.6
-
-
-
-0.7
-11.5
0.4
-20.5
-
-
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,034.1
904.8
-
945.2
2,964.6
901.6
1,945.5
3,114.4
-
-
5,236.7
-
1,709.1
3,752.0
3,660.5
1,946.3
2,532.6
5,280.9
3,808.3
3,970.7
-
1,353.0
-
5,255.0
50,315.3
436.7
343.2
779.9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
12.4
-0.4
-
0.9
2.2
-5.1
0.5
-2.9
-
-
-0.1
-
6.0
-2.6
-3.9
15.9
10.7
-2.6
3.2
1.2
-
5.8
-
1.0
1.3
7.5
19.9
13.0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2010-11
Net franchise payment (£m)
118.8
-6.4
-
-16.7
31.4
-170.7
-22.3
-162.7
-
-
-242.9
-
67.3
-142.9
-
79.4
290.0
-246.6
201.3
-102.3
-
79.1
-
-199.8
-446.0
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
:
-
-
:
:
-
-
Revenue support/ share (£m)
4.7
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
26.3
-
-
139.2
-
0.0
34.1
-
-11.0
0.0
69.0
16.8
0.0
-
0.0
-
31.9
311.1
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
:
-
-
:
:
-
-
PTE grants (£m)
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
0.0
-
2.0
0.0
-
203.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
-
0.0
205.2
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
:
-
-
:
:
-
-
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
123.6
-6.4
-
-16.7
31.4
-170.7
-22.3
-136.4
-
-
-103.7
-
69.3
-108.9
-
271.7
290.0
-177.6
218.2
-102.3
-
79.1
-
-167.9
70.4
25.0
69.5
94.6
-
-
-
-
0.3
-11.5
-
-7.9
-
-
-0.1
-19.1
-
-
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,100.9
957.8
-
924.5
3,078.5
4,771.5
2,084.7
3,223.2
-
-
5,519.8
-
1,852.3
3,886.5
-
2,026.3
2,641.8
5,524.0
3,984.6
4,132.8
-
1,508.2
-
5,698.8
52,916.1
607.2
569.3
1,176.5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
11.2
-0.7
-
-1.8
1.0
-3.6
-1.1
-4.2
-
-
-1.9
-
3.7
-2.8
-
13.4
11.0
-3.2
5.5
-2.5
-
5.2
-
-2.9
0.1
4.1
12.2
8.0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2011-12
Net franchise payment (£m)
130.1
-12.1
-
6.5
-11.8
-187.7
-66.1
-194.8
-
-
-319.5
-16.9
65.3
-110.8
-
109.2
305.0
-314.0
39.4
-16.7
-
78.1
-
-209.7
-726.3
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
:
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
Revenue support/ share (£m)
6.7
0.0
-
0.0
18.5
0.0
25.7
32.1
-
-
209.4
0.0
0.0
38.1
-
-12.5
0.0
85.4
48.9
0.0
-
0.0
-
44.0
496.3
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
:
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
PTE grants (£m)
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
214.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
-
0.0
214.3
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
:
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
136.8
-12.1
-
6.5
6.7
-187.7
-40.4
-162.7
-
-
-110.1
-16.9
65.3
-72.6
-
311.0
305.0
-228.6
88.3
-16.7
-
78.1
-
-165.7
-15.8
26.1
74.7
100.8
-
-
-
-
-
-0.6
-
-
-
-
-1.3
-2.0
-
-
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,142.0
988.8
-
1,000.9
3,252.4
4,893.3
2,194.6
3,456.1
-
-
5,840.4
654.5
2,090.5
3,381.1
-
2,132.9
2,681.6
5,720.2
4,128.8
4,395.4
-
1,575.8
-
5,923.0
55,452.2
644.8
634.3
1,279.2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
12.0
-1.2
-
0.6
0.2
-3.8
-1.8
-4.7
-
-
-1.9
-2.6
3.1
-2.1
-
14.6
11.4
-4.0
2.1
-0.4
-
5.0
-
-2.8
0.0
4.0
11.8
7.9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012-13
Net franchise payment (£m)
134.7
-14.3
-
6.8
-61.2
-190.5
-122.4
-226.8
-
-
-435.6
-155.5
57.3
-
-
166.5
291.0
-441.8
22.1
-215.1
-
58.2
-
-125.4
-1,252.0
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
:
-
:
-
-
-
:
:
:
:
Revenue support/ share (£m)
5.5
-3.3
-
0.0
81.9
0.0
124.7
39.5
-
-
266.3
16.5
0.0
-
-
-14.8
0.0
127.0
60.2
0.0
-
-17.0
-
28.6
715.2
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
:
-
:
-
-
-
:
:
:
:
PTE grants (£m)
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
163.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
-
0.0
163.8
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
:
-
:
-
-
-
:
:
:
:
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
140.3
-17.6
-
6.8
20.6
-190.5
2.3
-187.3
-
-
-169.3
-139.0
57.3
-
-
315.5
291.0
-314.7
82.3
-215.1
-
41.3
-
-96.8
-372.9
50.8
75.5
126.3
-
-
-
-
-0.3
-
-0.6
-
-
-
-0.6
-1.6
-7.5
-7.5
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,154.0
1,008.6
-
1,132.5
3,254.1
4,934.3
2,252.4
3,637.6
-
-
5,867.8
4,146.9
2,241.2
-
-
2,122.1
2,712.8
5,777.5
4,218.1
4,386.0
-
1,603.9
-
5,958.4
56,408.1
780.0
611.7
1,391.7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
12.2
-1.7
-
0.6
0.6
-3.9
0.1
-5.1
-
-
-2.9
-3.4
2.6
-
-
14.9
10.7
-5.4
2.0
-4.9
-
2.6
-
-1.6
-0.7
6.5
12.3
9.1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2013-14
Net franchise payment (£m)
152.5
-4.1
-
-5.0
-91.3
-206.8
-122.7
-266.3
-
-
-251.2
-196.3
66.1
-
-
172.1
493.8
-461.7
20.5
-165.5
-
61.5
-
-101.2
-905.4
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
-

2013-14
Revenue support/ share (£m)
5.5
0.0
-
0.0
123.7
0.0
126.3
63.7
-
-
177.4
36.0
0.0
-
-
0.0
0.0
149.7
76.4
0.0
-
0.0
-
0.0
758.7
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
PTE grants (£m)
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
182.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
-
0.0
182.5
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
:
-
-
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
158.0
-4.1
-
-5.0
32.4
-206.8
3.6
-202.6
-
-
-73.8
-160.3
66.1
-
-
354.6
493.8
-312.0
96.9
-165.5
-
61.5
-
-101.2
35.7
28.7
83.5
112.3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-0.1
-0.1
-
-
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,167.2
1,044.4
-
1,198.0
3,247.2
5,107.8
2,231.8
3,848.2
-
-
5,785.0
4,350.3
2,363.7
-
-
2,210.5
2,827.5
6,045.8
4,347.2
4,548.5
-
1,663.3
-
6,215.4
58,201.8
840.4
661.2
1,501.6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
13.5
-0.4
-
-0.4
1.0
-4.0
0.2
-5.3
-
-
-1.3
-3.7
2.8
-
-
16.0
17.5
-5.2
2.2
-3.6
-
3.7
-
-1.6
0.1
3.4
12.6
7.5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2014-15
Net franchise payment (£m)
101.9
-18.0
-
-30.2
-201.3
-249.1
-239.5
-80.0
-
-99.8
-62.1
-213.9
64.2
-
-
112.7
261.1
-551.8
-18.4
-212.6
-
43.5
-17.6
-93.7
-1,504.8
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Revenue support/ share (£m)
5.7
0.0
-
0.0
154.1
0.0
156.8
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
26.8
-1.3
-
-
0.0
0.0
177.6
50.9
25.3
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
595.9
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
PTE grants (£m)
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
122.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
122.8
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
107.6
-18.0
-
-30.2
-47.3
-249.1
-82.6
-80.0
-
-99.8
-62.1
-187.1
62.9
-
-
235.4
261.1
-374.3
32.5
-187.4
-
43.5
-17.6
-93.7
-786.1
26.1
86.2
112.4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,197.7
1,084.5
-
1,221.0
3,367.2
5,297.7
2,353.7
1,794.4
-
2,181.1
5,940.9
4,524.0
2,373.0
-
-
2,276.5
3,020.7
6,222.0
4,514.5
4,715.5
-
1,850.8
447.7
6,887.9
61,270.6
863.2
695.7
1,558.9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
9.0
-1.7
-
-2.5
-1.4
-4.7
-3.5
-4.5
-
-4.6
-1.0
-4.1
2.7
-
-
10.3
8.6
-6.0
0.7
-4.0
-
2.3
-3.9
-1.4
-1.3
3.0
12.4
7.2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2015-16
Net franchise payment (£m)
93.9
-37.8
16.9
-29.5
-198.2
-
-165.9
-
-
-278.6
-90.9
-126.0
42.6
-
-
122.7
292.6
-568.5
69.1
-101.1
0.0
14.6
-204.4
-153.2
-1,301.7
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Revenue support/ share (£m)
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
121.5
-
87.8
-
-
0.0
0.0
-1.9
0.0
-
-
0.0
0.0
180.3
-16.5
5.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
381.1
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
PTE grants (£m)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
0.0
-
-
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-
-
126.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
126.3
:
:
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Total subsidy/premium (£m)
98.3
-37.8
16.9
-29.5
-76.7
-
-78.0
-
-
-278.6
-90.9
-127.9
42.6
-
-
249.1
292.6
-388.2
52.7
-95.7
0.0
14.6
-204.4
-153.2
-794.3
31.2
72.3
103.5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Passenger kilometres (millions)
1,215.3
1,139.7
185.6
1,295.9
3,496.5
-
2,389.3
-
-
7,384.9
5,973.8
3,877.0
2,607.2
-
-
2,322.3
2,873.8
6,408.2
4,538.7
1,547.7
504.8
1,953.7
5,385.7
7,059.8
62,160.1
1,237.0
695.7
1,932.7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                                           
Total subsidy/premium per passenger km (pence)
8.1
-3.3
9.1
-2.3
-2.2
-
-3.3
-
-
-3.8
-1.5
-3.3
1.6
-
-
10.7
10.2
-6.1
1.2
-6.2
0.0
0.7
-3.8
-2.2
-1.3
2.5
10.4
5.4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
 
Support to Passenger Transport Executives (PTEs)
 
Nexus (Tyne & Wear)
Centro (West Midlands)
MerseyTravel
Transport for Greater Manchester
Travel South Yorkshire
Metro (West Yorkshire)
Total
2008-09
4.8
1.5
16.9
80.1
30.6
71.9
205.8
2009-10
4.8
0.4
17.0
79.0
30.7
72.1
204.0
2010-11
4.8
2.0
15.9
79.6
30.8
72.1
205.2
2011-12
5.1
0.0
17.7
83.9
32.2
75.4
214.3
2012-13
3.9
0.0
13.5
64.0
24.8
57.6
163.8
2013-14
4.4
0.0
15.1
71.3
27.6
64.2
182.5
2014-15
3.4
0.0
9.2
48.2
18.8
43.2
122.8
2015-16
3.5
0.0
9.6
49.5
19.3
44.4
126.3
Source:
Department for Transport (DfT) and passenger kilometres from Office of Rail and Road (ORR)
Symbols:
(-)           Operator not in service
(:)           Data not available
(r)          Data revised
(p)          Data are provisional
Notes:
1.       Active TOCs are operators who were running the franchise at the time of payment. Inactive TOCs are operators who made/received a payment in years when they were not operational.
2.       Gatwick Express was merged into Southern in June 2008 so was an active TOC for part of 2008-09.
3.       Southern figure for 2015-16 refers to the period between 1st April and 25th July prior to them being merged into Govia Thameslink Railway
4.       First Capital Connect figures for 2014-15 refer to the period between 1st April and 13th September prior to them being merged into Govia Thameslink Railway
5.       Govia Thameslink Railway figures for 2015-16 could not be split between the First Capital Connect proportion (1st April to 25th July) and the combined First Capital Connect / Southern proportion (26th July onwards) so they are presented as one total.
More details on methodology can be found in the quality report relating to this dataset:
 
This dataset is used in the rail safety statistical release. To view or download the statistical release:

Revisions:
(r)          Passenger kilometres data for First Capital Connect, Govia Thameslink Railway (both 2014-15) and London Overground (2015-16) have been revised.
(r)          Payments to/from Northern and London Midland have been revised so that they now include payments made through PTE grants
(r)          Payments to/from Arriva Trains Wales have been revised for all years in the time series after Department for Transport supplied additional data.
 
For the latest information on data revisions, please see the revisions log:
Other datasets:
1.       DfT publishes data on rail subsidy per passenger mile. The figures includes the allocation of the Network Grant (payments made directly to Network Rail), apportioned out according to each franchisee’s share of fixed track access charges. To view or download the latest figures from 2015-16:  https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/rail-subsidy-per-passenger-mile
2.       ORR publishes further train operator financial information in the GB Rail Financials report. To view or download the latest report:  http://orr.gov.uk/statistics/published-stats/gb-rail-industry-financial-information