Government support to the rail industry - Table 1.6
 
Payments made to/from Government on the rail network (£ million)
Great Britain
Annual data (financial year): 1985-86 to 2016-17
Other elements of government support ⁴
HS2
Crossrail
Miscellaneous
0
0
61
0
0
22
0
0
-251
0
0
-175
0
0
232
0
0
440
0
0
562
0
0
870
0
0
535
0
0
-464
0
0
-1,643
0
0
-1,044
0
0
25
0
0
53
0
0
75
0
0
84
0
0
105
0
0
183
0
0
179
0
0
154
0
0
24
0
0
76
0
0
187
0
0
356
0
184
171
0
221
359
54
518
136
210
1,206
214
317
1,124
310
362
1,097
257
463
803
197
839
-200
266
Total government support
Total government support at 2016-17 prices*
Loans to Network Rail⁵
Freight grants⁶
988
4,687
0
7
847
3,859
0
6
613
2,646
0
2
446
1,808
0
2
795
2,993
0
1
1,192
4,149
0
4
1,584
5,217
0
1
2,171
6,976
0
2
1,627
5,108
0
4
1,697
5,266
0
3
431
1,298
0
4
1,056
3,067
0
15
1,829
5,253
0
29
1,586
4,496
0
29
1,418
4,001
0
23
1,214
3,353
0
36
1,826
4,987
0
57
2,588
6,905
0
49
3,622
9,459
0
32
3,791
9,642
0
26
4,602
11,404
0
23
6,308
15,175
0
30
5,293
12,430
0
21
4,982
11,390
0
21
4,674
10,539
0
22
4,226
9,356
0
25
4,536
9,908
0
18
5,155
11,034
0
18
5,352
11,259
0
18
4,846
10,055
6,369
18
4,741
9,766
7,210
22
4,228
8,527
5,683
18
Financial year
Central government grants¹
PTE grants²
Direct rail support³
1985-86
849
78
0
1986-87
755
70
0
1987-88
796
68
0
1988-89
551
70
0
1989-90
479
84
0
1990-91
637
115
0
1991-92
902
120
0
1992-93
1,194
107
0
1993-94
926
166
0
1994-95
1,815
346
0
1995-96
1,712
362
0
1996-97
1,809
291
0
1997-98
1,429
375
0
1998-99
1,196
337
0
1999-00
1,031
312
0
2000-01
847
283
0
2001-02
731
306
684
2002-03
935
304
1,166
2003-04
1,359
414
1,670
2004-05
878
389
2,370
2005-06
879
332
3,367
2006-07
1,456
313
4,463
2007-08(r)
1,123
310
3,673
2008-09(r)
347
206
4,073
2009-10(r)
551
204
3,564
2010-11
-51
205
3,492
2011-12
-131
214
3,745
2012-13
-420
164
3,780
2013-14
-35
182
3,453
2014-15
-796
123
3,802
2015-16(r)
-817
126
3,969
2016-17
-763
5
4,081
Source:
Department for Transport (DfT), Transport Scotland and Welsh Government
Symbols:
(:)           Data not available
(r)          Data revised
(p)          Data are provisional

Notes:
1.       Central government grants - net payments to/from train operating companies.
2.       Passenger Transport Executive (PTE) grants - payment to PTEs for national rail services. Prior to 2016-17, under the terms of the franchise agreement a proportion of the subsidy for the Northern franchise were issued as grants to PTEs who in turn paid these to the train operator. From 2016-17 under the terms of the new franchise agreement all subsidies are paid directly to the train operator.
3.       Direct rail support - the net grant to Network Rail and, during the construction of the High Speed 1 route, to London and Continental Railways.
4.       Other elements of government support - composed of central government expenditure on major projects, support to arms length bodies including British Transport Police and Transport Focus, a grant to British Rail to finance its residual activities, and other ad hoc rail projects. In 2016-17, Government received £200m from the City of London Corporation as a contribution to the cost of Crossrail.
5.       Includes loans issued by DfT to Network Rail (as of 1 September 2014), net of the drawdown fee and interest paid to DfT.
6.       Freight grants - grants paid by government to encourage the movement of freight by rail.
More details on methodology can be found in the quality report relating to this dataset:
 
This dataset is used in the rail finance statistical release. To view or download the statistical release:
Revisions:
(r)          Freight grants data have been revised for 2007-08, 2008-09, 2009-10 and 2015-16 to account for Scottish freight grants.
(r)          Direct rail support and total government support have been revised for 2015-16 to take account of the Scottish part of the Financial Indemnity Mechanism.
(r)          Loans to Network Rail has been revised for 2015-16 to take account of the Scottish part of the loan.
 
For the latest information on data revisions, please see the revisions log:
Other datasets:
1.     ORR publishes further train operator financial information in the UK Rail Financials report. To view or download the latest report: